According to the CBC news, about 1 in 66 children in Canada are diagnosed with Autism. Out of the 1 in 66 diagnoses, autism spectrum disorder is highly prevalent in boys. Boys are four to five times more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Reports state that young children between the ages of five and seventeen have ASD. The Public Health Agency of Canada released information indicating the neurodevelopmental disorder has similar results to children diagnosed in the United States.
Autism spectrum disorder is commonly detected in early childhood and causes impairments in communication skills and social interactions, often paired with repetitive behaviors and restricted interests or activities. It is essential for researchers to determine the trend of Autism and why the results are changing rapidly over time. CBC news includes a report from the Public health Agency of Canada to determine if the rates change over time. The report consisted of data from six provinces and one territory and discovered popularity ranged from a high of one in 57 children in Newfoundland and Labrador to one in 126 in Yukon. According to the CBC, “The results represent 88 percent of the population of 5-17-year-olds in the participating provinces and territories, which represents approximately 40 percent of 5– 17-year-olds in Canada,” the email said. “From a statistical standpoint, this is considered representative.” Talking about the solutions, Centria Autism is what you can go after.
Unlike awareness of autism in the United States, Canada is in need of a national autism strategy to increase awareness and assistance for the children in need. Canada’s current federal budget for autism would include funding for a network to connect people with ASD. It will help their families attain information, resources and employment opportunities, and community-based projects to strengthen health, social and educational programs.
Autism Spectrum Disorder in Preschoolers and the abnormalities in brain
Recent studies have shown abnormalities in the brain with preschoolers diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder. According to science daily, preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder have abnormal connections between specific parts of their brains that can be seen using a particular MRI technique, according to a study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers believe the results will assist in treating ASD one day.
Young children with ASD are usually diagnosed within the first few years of life. Early diagnosis and intervention are essential because younger patients typically benefit the most from treatments and services to improve their symptoms and ability to function.
In present studies, the researchers looked for differences in brain connectivity in children with ASD using an MRI technique known as a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The method provides essential information on the state of the brain’s white matter. The diffusion tensor imaging results were compared between 21 preschool boys and girls with ASD with the average age of 4 and half years old, with those of 21 similarly aged children with typical development. They applied graph theory to the DTI results to understand more about the level of connectivity between brain networks. By utilizing a graph analysis to the DTI results, researchers can measure the relationships among highly connected and complex data like the network of connections that forms the human brain.
In comparison to children who are in the developed group, children with ASD demonstrated notable differences in components of the basal ganglia network, a brain system that plays a crucial role in behavior. The differences were also found in the paralimbic-limbic network, another important method in regulating expression. The results reflect that the altered patterns may be the cause for abnormal brain development in preschool children with ASD, and contribute to the brain and nervous system mechanisms involved in the disorder. Importantly, the identification of altered structural connectivity in these networks may point toward potential imaging biomarkers for preschool children with ASD. Dr. Ma expressed that the image findings of those ‘targets’ may be the answer for future diagnosis along with therapeutic intervention in preschool children. Dr. Ma believes the use of brain imaging may be utilized in the future as a type of treatment for ASD such as tDCS: transcranial direct current stimulation or TMS: transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Local program teaches adults with autism to gain independence
While some of us are capable to function on our own as an adult, unfortunately, adults with autism need a lending hand. Centria Healthcare offers the complete range of support here to those who are suffering from such problems.
For more information, visit Centriahealthcare.com.